Ethical Considerations

Case Study 1

James Workman, age 14, is afflicted with a harelip and cleft palate and needs a common operation that promises to improve both his appearance and his speech significantly. The boy’s father, a believer in mental healing, refuses to permit the operation. The physician explains the operation to James’s father, who expresses a desire to “try for some time longer to close the cleft palate through natural forces.”

This story leads to the following questions:

·         Is the father acting ethically on the basis of any one of the three surrogate principles? (Do not neglect the social implications of the decision.)

·         Should James’s opinion carry some weight?

·         Should the physician have sought a court order?

·         Why is it important for health care professionals to achieve a balanced perception of their obligations to the principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence?

Write a 4 pages in APA format (7th edition) in response to the questions listed above. The following is a recommended outline:

  1. Cover page
  2. Introduction
  3. Body (Cite sources with in-text citations.)
  4. Conclusion – Summary of main points
  5. References – List the references you cited in the text of your paper according to APA format . REFERENCE NO LESS THAN 5 YEARS OLD.

(Note: Do not include references that are not cited in the text of your paper)

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