To protect American jobs, the US government may decide to cut US imports of bulldozers by 60%. It could do so by either:
-Imposing a tariff high enough to cut bulldozer imports by 60%
-Persuading Komatsu and other foreign bulldozer makers to set up a voluntary export restraint arrangement to cut their exports of bulldozers to the US by 60%.
a. Which of these two policies would be less damaging to the United States? Please explain.
b. Which of these two policies would be less damaging to the world as a whole? Please explain.