Music Therapy for Dialysis Patients

The research article that I selected was conducted to see if music  therapy was a good non-pharmacological intervention to manage  hemodialysis patient’s anxiety, stress, and depression. The researchers  recognized that these patients experience anxiety, stress, and  depression due to their dire health issue of end-stage renal disease.  There were 40 subjects who were receiving dialysis and 20 subjects  received music therapy.  Blood pressures and pulses were taken before  and after music therapy. The randomized control group was given  pre-tests, post-tests, and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale Tool (DASS).

Data & Results

The  data that was collected that lead to their final conclusion was  comparing the vital signs collect before and after music therapy,  demographic survey, DASS, pre and post-tests. The researchers completed a  paired t-test and design table with the data to determine the  effectiveness of the experiment. According  to Fernandas & D’silva   (2019), “To find the association between depression, anxiety and stress  level with selected demographic variables, chi-square test or likelihood  ratio test used” (p. 128). Their conclusion stated that the group that  received music therapy did have a reduction in anxiety, stress, and  depression levels. According to Fernandas & D’silva  (2019), “In the  present study the investigator made an attempt to relieve stress,  anxiety, and depression among haemodialysis patient by providing music  therapy and results shows that there was a significant difference in  depression, anxiety and stress level among the experimental and control  group” (p. 129).

Conclusion & Weakness

The  researchers were able to formulate their conclusion by analyzing the  data and using careful calculations that they collected from their  research. The weakness of the study I believe is that the subjects  weren’t select randomly. The participants were selected by assessing if  they liked or showed interest in music. The dialysis patients that were  interested in music received music therapy.

Additional Research

I  do believe that further research should be completed to prove the  benefits of music therapy for a dialysis patient. Further studies should  be randomized. I also think one-way researchers could add to testing is  measuring cortisol in saliva. According to Choi, Kim, & Yang  (2014), “Salivary cortisol concentration serves as a biomarker of psychological stress. Cortisol measurements should be carried out in real time”.

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