The research article that I selected was conducted to see if music therapy was a good non-pharmacological intervention to manage hemodialysis patient’s anxiety, stress, and depression. The researchers recognized that these patients experience anxiety, stress, and depression due to their dire health issue of end-stage renal disease. There were 40 subjects who were receiving dialysis and 20 subjects received music therapy. Blood pressures and pulses were taken before and after music therapy. The randomized control group was given pre-tests, post-tests, and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale Tool (DASS).
Data & Results
The data that was collected that lead to their final conclusion was comparing the vital signs collect before and after music therapy, demographic survey, DASS, pre and post-tests. The researchers completed a paired t-test and design table with the data to determine the effectiveness of the experiment. According to Fernandas & D’silva (2019), “To find the association between depression, anxiety and stress level with selected demographic variables, chi-square test or likelihood ratio test used” (p. 128). Their conclusion stated that the group that received music therapy did have a reduction in anxiety, stress, and depression levels. According to Fernandas & D’silva (2019), “In the present study the investigator made an attempt to relieve stress, anxiety, and depression among haemodialysis patient by providing music therapy and results shows that there was a significant difference in depression, anxiety and stress level among the experimental and control group” (p. 129).
Conclusion & Weakness
The researchers were able to formulate their conclusion by analyzing the data and using careful calculations that they collected from their research. The weakness of the study I believe is that the subjects weren’t select randomly. The participants were selected by assessing if they liked or showed interest in music. The dialysis patients that were interested in music received music therapy.
I do believe that further research should be completed to prove the benefits of music therapy for a dialysis patient. Further studies should be randomized. I also think one-way researchers could add to testing is measuring cortisol in saliva. According to Choi, Kim, & Yang (2014), “Salivary cortisol concentration serves as a biomarker of psychological stress. Cortisol measurements should be carried out in real time”.