Final Exam (50 points)
Part A: Multiple Choices (20 x 2 point each)
- The 1938 classic The Functions of the Executive, which detailed the role of the leader in
addressing the needs of the organization and the needs of the employee, was written by
a. Anthony Downs. b. Herbert Simon c. Chester Barnard d. Peter Senge
- The scholar who shattered the politics-administration dichotomy and held that politics is
an integral part of administration was
- Frederick Taylor b. Paul Appleby c. Luther Gulick d. Abraham Maslow
- Adam Smith suggested that productivity would increase with
- the division and specialization of human labor b. the abolishment of labor unions.
- standards of labor d. federal standards of productivity.
- Which of the following U.S. presidents did NOT participate in the military heritage that
is a key component of public administration?
- Dwight D. Eisenhower b. Ronald Reagan c. Bill Clinton d. Harry Truman
- Which of the following is NOT characteristic of Theory X?
- People dislike work b. People must be coerced to do work
- People dislike taking responsibility d. People enjoy exercising self-direction
- Maslow’s hierarchy of needs called for a progression through the following components:
- survival needs, safety needs, love needs, esteem needs, self-actualization needs.
- survival needs, safety needs, self-actualization needs, love needs, esteem needs.
- self-actualization needs, safety needs, love needs, survival needs.
- love needs, survival needs, safety needs, self-actualization needs.
- The first individual to popularize management by objectives (MBO) was
- W. Edwards Deming. b. Milton Friedman. c. Lawrence Peter. d. Peter Drucker.
- 8. Which of the following is NOT generally considered a basis of power?
- expert power b. referent power c. reward power d. moral power
- A SWOT analysis is one that evaluates the
- strengths of an organization. b. weaknesses of an organization.
- opportunities for an organization as well as possible threats. d. All of the above.
- When supervisors fail to delegate work because they have little faith in the ability of their
employees to make decisions, they are engaging in
- overmanagement. b. participative management.
- scientific management. d. micromanagement.
- The theory that states that leaders are born and not made is known as the
- transactional theory of leadership. b. transformational theory of leadership.
- trait theory of leadership. d. contingency theory of leadership.
- 1 Civil service reform traces its beginnings to the
- Civil Rights Act of 1964. b. Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972.
- Pendleton Act of 1883. d. Civil Service Reform Act of 1978.
- The AFL-CIO is an organization that
- engages in collective bargaining. b. is an example of a laissez-faire system.
- is a union of unions. d. is the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
- 14. The largest source of revenue for the federal government is
- individual income taxes. b. borrowing from banks and financial institutions.
- corporate income taxes. d. excise taxes.
- The first scholar of public administration to express concern about a lack of budgetary
theory in the public sector was
- V. O. Key, Jr. b. Allen Schick. c. William Willoughby. d. John Keynes.
- The government task force in 1912 that recommended the creation of a national budgeting system was the
- Hoover Commission. b. Taft Commission.
- Grace Commission. d. Ash Council.
- As a federal budget officer, Verne B. Lewis developed the theory of
- program budgeting. b. zero-based budgeting.
- performance budgeting d. line-item budgeting.
- Which of the following is NOT a question that remains unanswered when considering
contemporary budget reform?
- Should an integrated national budget and financial statement be created?
- Can multiyear budgetary cycles be controlled by shorter term political processes?
- Can a budget process with a greater policy focus be created?
- All of the above are unanswered questions of contemporary budget reform.
- The individual who developed the 12 principles of management as related to the public
sector and presented them in the book Organization in Management (1955) was
- Herbert Simon b. Bernard Brodie c. Philip Selznick d. Catheryn Seckler-Hudson
- Which of the following is NOT an explanation for Organization development
- O.D. is planned organizational change b. O.D. is a philosophy
- O.D. is a strategy for increasing organizational effectiveness d. O.D is an art, not science
Part B: Choose any 6 questions and answer in 1-2 paragraphs each (6 x 5 points)
- Discuss any three principles of Frederick Taylor’s scientific management?
- What are some obstacles to implementing strategic planning/management in public or nonprofit organizations?
- What is meant by an impasse resolution? Name the techniques followed for breaking an impasse resolution?
- Differentiate between operating budget and capital budget with an example each?
- What do you mean by transformational leadership? Discuss an example of someone you consider a transformational leader?
- What is the implication of the PATCO strike for public sector labor unions?
- What are the major factors that lead to group think in any organization? Is groupthink only of historical interest, or is it still a common occurrence in government?
- Discuss any public administration concept from the course that is applicable to the impact and response to the COVID-19 crises?
Part C: Choose any 2 questions and answer in 3-5 paragraphs each (2 x 15 points)
- There are several definitions of public administration and the textbook defines the field within the context of its four frames. Which definition of public administration do you think best describes the field? Discuss with examples from the course or from current affairs?
- Why does the author refer to illegal immigration in the United States as an “intergovernmental mess”? How does the design of American federalism lead to the types of intergovernmental conflicts found in the area of immigration? Why have state and local governments become more active in regulating illegal immigrants during recent years?
- Discuss the important of public relations to public organizations? Is public relations as practiced by government leaders a new management skill or just one that is newly analyzed? Can you offer recent examples of “defining moments” by public officials or candidates for public officials or candidates for public affairs?
- Discuss the importance of agenda-setting for the public policy making and implementation? Provide any recent example of an agenda-setting process and discuss the various factors or individuals influencing the agenda-setting process? How can you take measures to prevent the loss of agenda status?