In this module, we learned that, in Medieval Europe, friendship enjoyed a status not unlike marriage.

In this module, we learned that, in Medieval Europe, friendship enjoyed a status not unlike marriage. Vernon writes: “So great was the political weight that such friendships could bear that they could effect changes in much the same way as a marriage” (p. 179). Marriages between friends, kissing, sleeping together, and even being buried together were not uncommon. In places like Africa and Asia, this experience is also not uncommon. Yet, in the West, these actions are confined to interactions within marriages.

In at least 250 words total, please answer each of the following, drawing upon your reading materials and your personal insight. What have we lost or gained in our ability to fully express ourselves in our friendships in our contemporary, Western society?

  • To what extent is the enactment and expression of friendship similar/ different in contemporary society compared with Medieval Europe and Ancient Greece?  Discuss the personal and societally-imposed constraints that limit our sharing close friendship bonds with others today.

Posting Guidelines

Evaluation Criteria

Read the Discussion Board Rubric [PDF, File Size 41.8 KB] to understand the expectations for this assignment. Keep the following points in mind:

  • Postings should be original, accurate, and focused on the topic.
  • Postings should demonstrate understanding of key concepts.
  • Responses should be original, sufficiently detailed, and stimulate discussion.
  • Provide a minimum of one cited reference in APA style for each original posting.
  • Online tips for using APA style may be found at the OWL website.

All discussions together count as 30% of your overall grade.

For information about writing your discussion posts, consult Discussion Tips.  Be sure to check your work and correct any spelling or grammatical errors before you post it. When you are ready to make your initial posting, please click on the “Create Thread” button for a new thread, or “Reply” to respond to a previous post, copy/paste the text from your document into the message field, and click “Submit.”

Module 5

In the classical, Greek period, friendship consisted of close bonds between men of essentially the same race and social standing. It was unheard of for men and women to enjoy friendships or for a master and slave to interact socially.  This changed a bit in Roman times, and today, many of us enjoy a lot more diversity in our friendships. Still, as Vernon shares, similar to the politics of friendship in Ancient Greece, we mirror a bit of that homogeneity in our friendships today:

“We see as much to this day, inasmuch as friendships across social classes and ethnic divides are relatively rare” (p. 171).

Before completing this activity, please be sure that you have read: Friendship Values and Cross-Category Friendships: Understanding Adult Friendship Patterns Across Gender, Sexual Orientation and Race [PDF, File Size 217 KB].

In at least 250 words total, please answer each of the following, drawing upon your reading materials and your personal insight:

  • To what extent do your friendships represent a range of diversity, in terms of class, race, religion, and ethnicity?
  • How have you personally been challenged to draw from a diverse pool of individuals in your experience of “close” friendships? What are some of the barriers, if any?

Posting Guidelines 

Evaluation Criteria

Read the Discussion Board Rubric [PDF, File Size 41.8 KB] to understand the expectations for this assignment. Keep the following points in mind:

  • Postings should be original, accurate, and focused on the topic.
  • Postings should demonstrate understanding of key concepts.
  • Responses should be original, sufficiently detailed, and stimulate discussion.
  • Provide a minimum of one cited reference in APA style for each original posting.
  • Online tips for using APA style may be found at the OWL website.

All discussions together count as 30% of your overall grade.

For information about writing your discussion posts, consult Discussion Tips.  Be sure to check your work and correct any spelling or grammatical errors before you post it. When you are ready to make your initial posting, please click on the “Create Thread” button for a new thread, or “Reply” to respond to a previous post, copy/paste the text from your document into the message field, and click “Submit.”

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